With the development of medical science, people now have accessibility to testing and treatment of different diseases. STD testing has become quite common in America.
Younger people from ages 20 to 25 are the prime candidates that appear for lab tests involving STDs.
There are many different types of STDs that are determined by testing. Gonorrhea, for example, is a common sexually transmitted disease that requires immediate testing and treatment.
What is Hepatitis?
Hepatitis is known to people as the inflammation of the liver. This swelling happens due to an injury or infection in the tissues of the body. This damage to the tissues can impact greatly the functionality of the liver.
There are different types of hepatitis exposed to people. These are:
- Autoimmune hepatitis when the body starts producing antibodies that destroy the general functionality of your liver tissues.
- Hepatitis as a result of certain drugs, medicines, and alcohol-based intoxicants.
According to research, more than 4 million people have chronic hepatitis in America. Most of them don’t even know that they are suffering from it. However, it is possible to treat this condition by taking general lifestyle precautions and immunizations.
Types of Hepatitis
There are five different types of hepatitis. These are:
- Hepatitis A
- Hepatitis B
- Hepatitis C
- Hepatitis D
- Hepatitis E
All of them are extremely dangerous and must be reported for medical examination immediately. In this article, we will discuss Hepatitis A, B, and C in detail.
Common Symptoms of Hepatitis
Some of the most common symptoms present in all types of Hepatitis are:
- Pain near the liver
Hepatitis A virus can cause a serious liver infection. This affects the overall functionality and working capacity of the liver. People who get early treatment when the symptoms are mild are more prone to a permanent recovery with no liver damage.
Hepatitis A Causes
There are multiple Hepatitis A causes that can promote the spread of the virus among people. Some of the most common causes are:
- Eating food that has been touched by unsanitary hands.
- Consuming unsanitary water
- Consuming raw fish from dirty water
- Being in physical contact with an infected individual
- Engaging in coitus with a Hepatitis A positive individual
- Anal intercourse
- Using illegal drugs
Hepatitis A Symptoms
The initial Hepatitis A symptoms do not start appearing until after a few weeks. However, there is a chance that many people don’t develop the symptoms at all. Apart from the standard hepatitis symptoms, some of the most common symptoms of hepatitis are:
- Stool in clay color
- Dark urine
Hepatitis A Treatment
For Hepatitis A treatment, your doctors will take a few blood samples from the arm veins. A lab test will determine the results. Truth be told, there is no specific treatment for Hepatitis A present at the moment. People who detect it early can work on their immune system for a speedy recovery.
Some of the things to take care are:
- Rest frequently
- Keep yourself clean
- Eat smaller meals to avoid nausea
- Avoid alcohol
- Take medications to boost the immune system
- Avoid sex
Hepatitis A in Children
Many little ones show no initial symptoms of Hepatitis A. Even though the statistics of Hepatitis A in children have shown a decrease, there are still children in America suffering from it. Once your child catches it, their body will respond and fight the virus. However, there has been a vaccine for the prevention of Hepatitis A. You must get your child his shots regularly.
Hepatitis B is also a liver infection but it is rendered far more serious and chronic than hepatitis A. In some people if their immune system stops responding or they leave it untreated for long, it becomes a chronic disease. This is a serious condition as it can scar the liver permanently. People who are careless initially have more chances of:
- Liver failure
- Liver cancer
People with a strong immune system have reported defeating Hepatitis B from their bodies.
Hepatitis B Causes
There are multiple hepatitis B causes as this is a sexually transmitted disease. It can be passed from people to people via blood, semen, vaginal or other fluids excreted by the body. Sneezing and coughing is not a reason.
Some of the most common ways through which Hepatitis B is spread are:
- Unprotected sexual intercourse
- Sharing needles that carry contaminated blood
- Sharing IV drug paraphernalia
- Coming in contact with infected blood
- Using same toiletries
- Saliva, semen, and vaginal fluids of an infected person
- Men having homosexual coitus
Hepatitis B Symptoms
Generally, people with hepatitis b symptoms suffer from the same symptoms as those of Hepatitis A.
Hepatitis B Treatment
Hepatitis B treatment is a bit lengthier than Hepatitis A. Your doctor will perform the following tests:
- Blood tests
- Liver ultrasound
- Liver biopsy
If your body has been attacked by hepatitis B and you are unsure of your vaccinations. Your doctor will give you an injection of immunoglobulin which is an antibody. However, it is most effective if you have been exposed to the virus for 12 hours or less. You need to have a vaccine if you did not get shots as a child.
Here are a few things you need to consider if you are Hepatitis B positive:
- Avoid sex completely
- Keep yourself and your surroundings clean
- Maintain distance from people
- Take immunity boosters
- Take antiviral medicines
- Get shots of interferon
- Consider liver transplant for a worst-case scenario
Hepatitis B in Children
- Hepatitis B in children is common if the mother is infected by the virus at the time of giving birth or the child lives with someone with the disease.
- Some children can also get it if they are tested positive for hemodialysis.
- Getting shots for hepatitis B and making sure that your child is going through a recovery process is extremely important.
- Women looking forward to having a baby should get themselves checked for it
Hepatitis C is a viral that starts with liver inflammation but leads on to cause severe liver damage. The main reason for its spread is infected blood. People who are suffering from it need to take medications that might cause other side-effects.
Hepatitis C Causes
The only hepatitis C cause is when the blood of an infected individual gets in contact with the blood of an uninfected person.
It can happen via:
- Unsanitary tattoos
- Staying in prison
- Birthing mother is infected
- Contact with unsanitary needles
Hepatitis C Symptoms
The most common hepatitis C symptoms are similar to those of hepatitis A and B. Some additional symptoms are:
- Easily bleeding
- Hepatic Encephalopathy
- Spider angiomas
Hepatitis C Treatment
It is recommended that people in their teens to the older citizens get themselves tested for the virus. Your doctor will perform the following procedures:
- Blood test
- Liver biopsy
- Transient elastography
Hepatitis C in Children
Just like adults children are also susceptible to Hepatitis C. Children infected for more than 2 years are ranked as chronically ill. Many children have mild liver issues with no visible damage to the liver until they turn 18.
If you are experiencing any or all of the symptoms of Hepatitis mentioned above, you can visit Chicago Immediate Care for testing and treatment.
What is the job of a liver?
A liver provides your body with proteins and works as a filter to remove unwanted toxins. It also produces chemicals that promote digestion and healthy blood flow.
What are HAV, HBV, and HCV?
These occur due to different kinds of viruses that are transmitted because of different modes. HAV usually goes away if you have strong immunity. HBV and HCV require medications and it can develop into a chronic infection.
Does hepatitis always show symptoms?
Not really. Initial symptoms are mild and can be confused with common cold or flu. With time they might develop and cause severe pain.